Mendengarkan atau membaca cerita rakyat merupakan hal yang menyenangkan karena dapat menambah wawasan dan tentunya di dalam sebuah cerita rakyat terdapat amanat atau pesan yang tersirat. Di dalam Bahasa Inggris cerita rakyat disebut folklore, kali ini kita akan mengulas mengenai folklore atau cerita rakyat dalam Bahasa Inggris.
Cerita rakyat merupakan salah satu kajian dalam pelajaran Bahasa Inggris karena dapat meningkatkan kemampuan berbahasa Inggris secara tidak langsung ketika membaca sebuah cerita rakyat. Semakin banyak cerita yang dibaca semakin banyak pembendaharaan kata-kata kita. Mari simak beberapa cerita rakyat dalam Bahasa Inggris berikut.
Cerita Rakyat Dalam Bahasa Inggris (Folklore)
Cerita Rakyat Lurung Kasarung
Once upon a time, there was a king named Prabu Tapa Agung who had led a kingdom in West Java for a long time. He was getting old and therefore wanted to choose a successor. But unfortunately, he had no son. He thought of choosing one of his daughters, Purbararang and Purbasari. But it wasn’t an easy choice. They were both very pretty and smart. The only difference was their temperament. Purbararang was rude and dishonest, while Purbasari was kind and caring. With those considerations, Prabu Tapa Agung finally chose Purbasari to be his successor.
Purbararang didn’t agree with her father’s decision. “It’s supposed to be me, Father. I’m the eldest daughter!” Purbararang said. Prabu Tapa Agung smiled. “Purbararang, to be a queen takes more than age. There are many other qualities that one must possess,” explained Prabu Tapa Agung wisely. “What does Purbasari have that I don’t?” Purbararang pouted. “You’ll find out when Purbasari has replaced me,” Prabu Tapa Agung answered.
After the discussion, Purbararang went back to her room. “Is there something wrong?” asked Indrajaya. Indrajaya is Purbararang’s future husband. “I’m upset! Father chose Purbasari as his successor and not me! I have to do something!” Purbararang said. Driven mad by her anger, she came to a witch and asked her to send rash all over Purbasari’s body. Before going to bed, Purbasari started to feel itch all over her body. She tried applying powder to her body, but it’s no use. Instead, the itching grew even worse. She didn’t want to scratch it, but she just couldn’t help it. In the next morning, there were scratch mark all over Purbasari’s body. “What happened to you?” asked Purbararang, pretending to be concerned. “I don’t know, sis. Last night, my body suddenly felt very itchy. I scratched and scratched, and this is what happened,” Purbasari answered. Purbararang shook her head. “You must have done something really awful. You’ve been punished by the gods!”
That day, the whole kingdom was scandalized. “What have you done, Purbasari?” demanded Prabu Tapa Agung. Purbasari shook her head. “I didn’t do anything that would upset the gods, Father,” she answered. “Then how can you explain what happened to your body?” Prabu Tapa Agung asked again. “If you don’t confess, I’ll banish you to the woods.” Purbasari took a deep breath. “Like I said before, I didn’t do anything wrong. And I’d rather be thrown into the woods than to confess to a deed I didn’t commit.”
After a short discussion with his advisor, Prabu Tapa Agung ordered Purbasari to be moved to the woods. Purbasari was very sad, but she couldn’t do anything to defy her father’s order. She was accompanied to the woods by a messenger. He built a simple hut for Purbasari. After the messenger left, suddenly a black monkey came to Purbasari’s hut. He carried a bunch of bananas. From behind him, some animals looked on. “Are the bananas for me?’ Purbasari asked. The black monkey nodded, as if he understood what Purbasari said. Purbasari took the bananas with pleasure. She also said thanks. The other animals that were looking on also seemed to smile. “Are you willing to be my friend?” Purbasari asked them. All the animals nodded happily. Although she was living by herself in the woods, Purbasari never lacked of supplies. Everyday, there were always animals bringing her fruits and fish to eat.
A long time had passed since Purbasari was banished to the woods, but her body still itched. At some places, her skin was even ulcerating. What am I supposed to do?” Purbasari sighed. The monkey who was sitting next to her stayed still, there were tears in his eyes. He hoped Purbasari would remain patient and strong.
One night, on a full moon, the monkey took Purbasari to a valley. There is a pond with hot spring water. The monkey suddenly spoke, “The water of this pond will heal your skin,” he said. Purbasari was surprised, ”You can talk? Who are you?” she asked. “You’ll find out, in time,” the monkey said. Purbasari didn’t want to force the monkey. She then walked to the pond. She bathed there. After a few hours, Purbasari walked out of the pond. She was shocked to see her face reflected on the clear pond water. Her face was beautiful again, with smooth and clean skin. Purbasari observed her entire body. There were no traces of any skin ailments. “I’m cured! I’m cured!” Purbasari shouted in joy. She quickly offered thanks to the gods and also to the monkey.
The news of Purbasari’s condition quickly spread to the kingdom, irritating Purbararang. She then accompanied by Indrajaya go to the woods to see Purbasari. Purbasari asked if she would be allowed to go home. Purbararang said she would let Purbasari return to the palace if Purbasari’s hair were longer than hers. Purbararang then let her hair down. It was so long, it almost touched the ground. But it turned out that Purbasari’s hair was twice longer than Purbararang’s hair.
“Fine, so your hair is longer than mine.” Purbararang admitted. “But there is one more condition you must fulfill, do you have a future husband who is handsomer than mine?” said Purbararang as she walked toward Indrajaya. Purbasari felt miserable. She didn’t have a future husband yet. So, without much thought, she pulled the black monkey beside her.
Purbararang and Indrajaya burst out, but their laughter didn’t last long. The monkey meditates and suddenly transformed into a very handsome young man, a lot more handsome than Indrajaya. “I’m a prince from a kingdom far away. I was cursed to be a monkey because of a mistake I committed. I could regain my true form only if there’s a girl who would be willing to be my wife,” said the young man.
Finally, Purbararang gave up. She accepted Purbasari as the queen, and also confessed everything she had done. “Please forgive me. Please don’t punish me,” Purbararang said, asking for forgiveness. Instead of being angry, Purbasari smiled. “I forgive you, sis,” she said. Soon after, Purbasari become queen. Beside her was the handsome prince, the former monkey known as Lutung Kasarung.
Cerita Rakyat Danau Toba
Cerita Rakyat Roro JongrangToba Lake
Once upon time, there was a fisherman who lived in North Sumatra. One day, when he was fishing in a river, he got a big fish, beautiful big fish. He was so excited. Then he went home and put the fish in the bucket. But when he wanted to kill the fish, he felt so pity with it.
In the next day, he went fishing again. But this time, he could not get any fish. He was so hunggry. Then he went home with empty-handed. After got there, he was surprised, there was a girl there.
“Who are you?” asked the fisherman.
“I’m the fish” replied the girl.
The fisherman looked at the bucket where he took the fish yesterday.
“You didn’t kill me yesterday, and I’m very thankful. I will return your kindness” continued the girl.
“well, I lived alone. I don’t have any family. If you want to be my wife, I will be happy” asked the man.
“Ok, but you have to promise to me. if we have children, don’t tell him about me. If you tell him, the very bad thing will happen.” The girl said.
Finally, the fisherman and the fish girl were married. And had a child named Samo. Samo was very naughty boy, he always play with his friends and never help his parents.
One day, Samo was asked to deliver lunch to his father. But on the way to his father, he met his friends and play with them till he forgot to deliver the meal. Meanwhile his father waited with tired and hungry and finally the father decided to go home. On the way to home he saw Samo.
“Samo… where is my lunch” asked his father.
“Mmmmm…. I ate it dad.” replied samo.
“why you eat my lunch” asked his father angrily.
“I’m hungry after play with my friends, I’m sorry dad” Samo said.
“you are naughty samo, don’t come home anymore. You, damn fish’s son” said his father angrily.
Becasue the father broke his promise, suddenly the sky was getting dark and the rain fallen down. The water was getting higher and higher. Samo’s mother was sad and transformed to be a fish again. Samo run to the hill and stayed there. The water drowns the village. Then the hill surrounded by the lake.
Now the lake was known as Lake Toba (no marcy) and the hill in the middle of the lake was called Samosir (evicted Samo) island.
Once upon a time, there was a prince named Raden Bandung Bondowoso, son of Pengging King named Prabu Damar Moyo. Raden Bandung Bondowaso was strength and poworful.
There was another kingdom named Keraton Boko, the king of Kearton Boko named Prabu Boko and his minister named Patih Gupalo, both of them were giant who ate the men. But Prabu Boko had a very beuutiful daughter named Rorojonggrang.
One day Pengging Kingdom wanted to attack the Penggging Kingdom. Prabu Boko and his soldiers attacked Pengging Kingdom, but he lost because of the strength and powerful of Raden Bandung Bondowoso. And Prabu Boko was killed.
Raden Bandung Bondowoso ran to the Keraton Boko to catch Patih Gupalo. But in there, Raden Bandung Bondowoso met a beautiful lady. She is Rorojonggrang.
Raden Bandung Bondowoso was fallen in love with her. And he asked to marry her. But Rorojonggrang rejected it, because she knew that Raden Bandung Bondowoso who had killed her father.
To reject Raden Bandung Bondowoso proposal, Rorojonggrang asked him something. Rorojonggrang said :
“if you want to marry me, you have to make a well and one thousand temples
in one night”
Raden Bandung Bondowoso said Ok, and started to make a well known as Jalatunda and make 1000 temples helped by genies.
Worried that raden bandung Bondowoso would finished them. Rorojonggrang ordered the girls to pound rice and burn stubbles in the east as sign that the morning had came. Raden Bandung Bondowoso stopped his job. But he felt that it was not morning yet. And he ask Rorojonggrang to count the temples. But the total was only 999 temples.
Raden Bandung Bondowoso was getting mad, because Lorojongrang didn’t appreciate his effort.
“You…. You Rorojonggrang, there is only one temple left, let you be the one who complete it. And for the girls here, there would be no men who marry you” cursed Raden Bandung Bondowoso angrily.
Then princess Rorojonggrang was transformed to be a stone statue. And now the statue of Lorojonggrang is still in Candi Prambanan.
From the story above, have some valuable thigs to teach us to do not be so proud and to do not cheat someone. Becuase when we cheat someone, there will be something bad waiting.
Cerita Rakyat Malin Kundang
Itulah beberapa cerita rakyat dalam Bahasa Inggris yang sempat kami ulas, perbanyaklah membaca cerita-cerita rakyat lainnya untuk menambah pemahaman Anda tentang cerita rakyat. Semoga bermanfaat bagi Anda.Malin KundangLong long time ago, there was a poor family consist of a mother and her son named Malin Kundang. Because of her husband had left her, the mother should worked alone.
Malin was smart boy but little naughty. When he was getting old, Malin felt sorry with his mother and asked for finding a job in big city.
“Mom, I want to go to big city to find a job” asked Malin.
“don’t leave me alone, son” said his mother.
“let me go Mom” said Malin.
“Ok, but remember, don’t forget me and this village when you succeed there” said his mother.
The next day Malin went to the big city by a ship. After for years worked hard in the big city, he became rich man, he had many merchant ships. And he had married with a beautiful lady there. The news that Malin become rich man came to his mother. His mother felt so happy to hear that. She always waited her son came back in the beach every day, but Malin never came.
One day Malin’s wife want to see Malin’s mother. So Malin prepare the voyage to his village with big and beautiful ship to see his mother. Finally Malin came to his village with his wife. His mother had waited Malin in the beach.
“Is that you, Malin? I’m your mother, you remember” asked the mother.
“I don’t know who are you old poor lady” said Malin.
“is that your mother Malin?” said Malin’s wife
“No, I don’t have old ugly poor mother like this” Malin said.
Hearing her son said like that, the mother felt sad and angry.
“Oh my mighty God, if he is my son, I cruse him and please turn him be a stone” the mother said.
Then the wind and storm rumbled and hit Malin’s ship. And after that, Malin’s body became stone and allied with the reef.