Pengertian Report Text dan Contoh Sederhana

Di dalam mata pelajaran Bahasa Indonesia kita ketahui adanya teks laporan begitu juga di Bahasa Inggris, di dalam bahasa Inggris sering disebut dengan Report Text. Report text pada umumnya berkenaan dengan investigasi, dalam artian peristiwa atau gejala yang telah diamati kemudian dilaporkan ke dalam bentuk report text.

Report text termasuk ke dalam factual text yaitu teks yang berisikan fakta-fakta tertentu. Report text juga kadang disebut sebagai informational report dan mirip dengan desctictive text. Report text memiliki generik struktur berupa general classification dan description selanjutnya akan dibahas di bawah. Tidak ketinggalan kami akan berikan beberapa contoh report text sederhana.

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Pengertian Report Text dan Contoh Sederhana

Pengertian Report Text dan Contoh Sederhana
Pengertian Report Text dan Contoh Sederhana

Pengertian Report Text

Pengertian report text adalah bentuk teks yang menyampaikan sebuah informasi mengenai suatu hal secara apa adanya/fakta dan juga sebagai hasil dari observasi dan analisa secara sistematis.

Tujuan Report Text

Report text berfungsi untuk memberikan informasi tentang suatu peristiwa atau gejala, setelah diadakannya investigasi dan melalui berbagai pertimbangan, misalnya gejala alami, lingkungan, benda buatan manusia, atau gejala-gejala sosial. Contoh report text seperti thankgiving anniversary, dan contoh-contoh report text sederhana lainnya yang dapat Anda lihat di bagian contoh report text.

Struktur Generik Report Text

Seperti yang telah dijabarkan diawal bahwa struktur report text terbagi atas general classification dan description berikut penjelasannya.

General Clasification

Merupakanpengenalan fenomena/benda yang akan dibicarakan dengan menyertakan pernyataan umum yang menerangkan subjek laporan, keterangan, dan klasifikasinya.
Contoh 
The white pelican is one of the most successful fish-eating birds.

Description

Merupakan penjelasan gambaran dari fenomena/benda yang didiskusikan dari bagian ke bagian, kebiasaan atau tingkah laku untuk benda hidup, ataupun kegunaannya untuk benda secara detail. Contoh
The success is largely due to its command hunting behaviour. A group, perhaps two dozen birds, will gather in a curved arc some distance offshore. The birds then begin to move forward towards the shore, beating the water furiously with their wings, driving the fish before them.
 
When the water is shallow enough for the birds to reach the fish, the formation breaks up as each bird dips its bill into the water to scoop up its meal. As the bird lifts its head, the water drains from its bill leaving the fish which are then swallowed. Pelicans are among the oldest group of birds, Fossils of this genus have been found dating back 40 million years.

Kaidah kebahasaan Report Text

Berikut ini kaidah kebahasaan yang harus dipahami sebelum mencoba membuat report text.
  • Menggunakan general nouns, misalnya "Unique Comodo Island".
  • Menggunakan relating verbs untuk menjelaskan ciri, misalnya reptiles are scaly animals (ciri ini berlaku untuk semua reptilia).
  • Menggunakan action verbs dalam menjelaskan perilaku, misalnya lizards can't fly.
  • Menggunakan present tense untuk menyatakan suatu yang umum, misalnya Komodo dragons usually weight more than 160 kg
  • Mengguanakan istilah ilmiah, misalnya water contains oxygen and hydrogen.

Contoh Report Text

Sebagai penutup kami akan uraikan beberapa contoh report text sederhana.

Contoh Report Text berkaitan dengan Gejala Sosial

Thanksgiving or Thanksgiving Day is a celebration of harvest, thankfulness for peace, and the attempt of Native Americans. It is usually celebrated in late autumn.

In the past, Thanksgiving was celebrated for their rich harvest in New England. In North America, however, it was originally held to thank God for their survival in the new land which was not easy for them. However, in Canada, it had been celebrated as in New England. Thanksgiving now is celebrated in United States of America and in Canada. Thanksgiving festivals are held every fourth Thursday of November in the U.S and on the second Monday of October in Canada. It is usually celebrated in four to five days in the North America and for three days in Canada.

It is celebrated through families and friends gathering to eat and give good luck. Turkey is the main dish in the thanksgiving dinner. Thanksgiving parades are also usually held. In Thanksgiving homes are decorated with wreaths, fresh and dried flowers. Lamps are lighted to brighten the environment. Tables are decorated with best china and antique silver dishes to mark the occasion.

Contoh Report Text berkaitan dengan Gejala Alam

A shark is a type fish that lives in the sea. It is one of the largest sea creatures.


There are over 350 species. A shark is shaped like a torpedo. It has tough skin like sandpaper. Instead of bones it has elastic cartilage which helps them to move easily. It can grow up to 8 meters. Sharks are found in all oceans the world. The type of shark found will depend on the water's temperature. A shark has to keep moving because it needs to breathe through its gills to keep alive. When sharks are hungry, they look for food. Different sharks eat different food. Harmless sharks eat plankton but harmful sharks eat meat. Sharks have up to forty two babies (which are called pups) at a time. When the pups are born, they leave straight away because the mother shark does not have teats. Some sharks have their pups in different ways, some lay eggs while others have them alive. When they are born, they need to defend themselves because they have no help them.
Bagaimana mudah bukan memahami contoh report text, kadang kita masih bingung membedakan antara descriptive text dengan report text. Untuk memahaminya Anda bisa melihat penjelasan mengenai desctiptive text. 
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